Jesters, c1955. Creator: Shirley Markham
Jesters, c1955. Jesters and fools through the ages. Page from "Marvelman" comic. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time.
© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images
Mr Punch thanking Marconi for wireless telegraphy which was saving lives at sea, 1913. Artist: Leonard Raven-Hill
Mr Punch thanking Marconi for wireless telegraphy which was saving lives at sea, 1913. Marconi (1874-1937) discovered a way in which waves could be used to send messages from one place to another without wires or cables. Having read about Heinrich Hertz's work with electromagnetic waves, he began experiments of his own, and in 1894 successfully sounded a buzzer 9 metres away from where he stood. In 1902 Marconi sent a radio signal across the Atlantic in Morse code. Five years later, a Canadian scientist, Reginald Fessenden, transmitted a human voice by radio for the first time. Marconi's inventiveness and business skills made radio communication a practical proposition. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1909. Cartoon from Punch, (London, 22 October 1913).
© Oxford Science Archive / Heritage-Images
'Bottom's Dream', 1872. Artist: Joseph Swain
'Bottom's Dream', 1872. Nick Bottom, representative of the British labourer, is being relieved of the ass's head by Mr Punch in a scene from A Midsummer Night's Dream. Since the death of her beloved Albert, Queen Victoria had withdrawn almost totally from public life. However, the needs of her large family had made increasing demands upon the public purse, and there had been a growth in the number of noisy republican activists. Ten years after the death of Prince Albert, though, the Prince of Wales had been struck down with typhoid fever and for some days his life had hung in the balance. Upon his recovery, a thanksgiving service had been held at St Paul's at the end of February 1872, and this is referred to in the newspaper headline. The illness of the Prince of Wales had awakened a dormant loyalty in the people. From Punch, or the London Charivari, March 9, 1872.
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images