Front page of "Mercurius Civicus: London's Intelligencer", February 1643, (1945)
Front page of "Mercurius Civicus: London's Intelligencer", February 1643, (1945). Portraits of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria, with news of the Civil War: 'Letters intercepted from the King, Queene, L. Digby [George Digby], and Iermin [Henry Jermyn], to the Lord Goring in France. "Bandon-bridge neere Chester taken by Sir Thomas Fairfax. The Irish Rebels joyned with Cardinall Williams in Wales"...The interest which every good subject hath in the actions of the King and Parliament, is sufficient to defend him from the imputation of being a Busie-bodie, in maintaining the Justice of them, That, and my desire not onely to give satisfaction unto my countrymen in the most certaine intelligence that should come to my hands, but also to admonish (especially the City...' "Mercurius Civicus: Londons Intelligencer, or, Truth impartially related from thence to the whole Kingdome to prevent mis-information" was a weekly newspaper which supported the Roundhead (Parliamentary) cause. It was published by John Wright and Thomas Bates between 1643 and 1646. From "British Journalists and Newspapers", by Derek Hudson. [Collins, London, 1945]
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Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), Queen of France, 1937. Artist: Alexander K MacDonald
Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), born an Archduchess of Austria, she was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792 (1912).The daughter of Francis I and Maria Theresa of Austria, Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) married the French Dauphin (the future King Louis XVI) in 1770. Louis became king in 1774, but Marie-Antoinette's unpopularity due to her perceived extravagance, indifference to the plight of ordinary people and opposition to reform, contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 and the overthrow of the monarchy. She was tried and executed by the guillotine in 1793 after a year's imprisonment. From the John Player & Sons cigarette card series 'Famous Beauties', 1937.
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Queen Henrietta (1609-1669) sheltered by a bank from the parliamentarians, 19th century.Artist: J Rogers
Queen Henrietta (1609-1669) sheltered by a bank from the parliamentarians, 19th century. Below this is a representation of King Charles I (1600-1649) escaping from Oxford. Charles I was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649. He famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England, indeed many feared he was attempting to gain absolute power. His last years were marked by the English Civil War. Charles was defeated in the first Civil War (1642-1645), after which Parliament expected him to accept demands for a constitutional monarchy. He instead remained defiant by attempting to forge an alliance with Scotland and escaping to the Isle of Man. This provoked a second Civil War (1648-1649) and a second defeat for Charles, who was subsequently captured, tried, convicted, and executed for high treason. The monarchy was then abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. Charles's son, Charles II, became King after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.
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