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Chemical Industry Collection

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Female ICI employees enjoy a dance, South Yorkshire, 1957. Artist: Michael Walters

Female ICI employees enjoy a dance, South Yorkshire, 1957. Artist: Michael Walters
Female ICI employees enjoy a dance, South Yorkshire, 1957. A couple of girls from the ICI Detonator factory in Denaby Main (near Doncaster)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Advertisement for Sunlight household soap, c1890

Advertisement for Sunlight household soap, c1890. The advertisement recommends the soap it to the housewife by claiming it would make life easier

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. Creator: Unknown

Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. Creator: Unknown
Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. The "Kuzbass" autonomous industrial colony was created in 1921. It was organized by American workers

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. Creator: Unknown

Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. Creator: Unknown
Coke Chemical Complex - Electromechanical Shop, 1923. The "Kuzbass" autonomous industrial colony was created in 1921. It was organized by American workers

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Coke-Chemical Complex. Opening Ceremony, 1924. Creator: Unknown

Coke-Chemical Complex. Opening Ceremony, 1924. Creator: Unknown
Coke-Chemical Complex. Opening Ceremony, 1924. The "Kuzbass" autonomous industrial colony was created in 1921. It was organized by American workers

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Chemical industry of the USSR on January 1, 1933, 1934. Creator: Mikhail Alekseevich TSvetkov

Chemical industry of the USSR on January 1, 1933, 1934. Creator: Mikhail Alekseevich TSvetkov
Chemical industry of the USSR on January 1, 1933, 1934. From the atlas "Industry of the USSR at the beginning of the 2nd Five-Year Plan

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Lead chamber for production of sulphuric acid, 1866

Lead chamber for production of sulphuric acid, 1866. Also known as Oil of Vitriol or H2S04, sulphuric acid was one of the most important industrial chemicals

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Chaptal. Late Professor of Chemistry at Montpellier, 19th century. Creator: C Cook

Chaptal. Late Professor of Chemistry at Montpellier, 19th century. Creator: C Cook
Chaptal. Late Professor of Chemistry at Montpellier, 19th century. Portrait of French politician and chemist Jean Antoine Chaptal (1756-1832)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Dr Lowe of ICI being presented with a camera, Denaby Main, South Yorkshire, 1962

Dr Lowe of ICI being presented with a camera, Denaby Main, South Yorkshire, 1962. ICI produced detonators at their Denaby Main site for many years until its closure in the late 1960s

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Presentation to a female worker at the ICI Detonator works, Denaby Main, South Yorkshire, 1962

Presentation to a female worker at the ICI Detonator works, Denaby Main, South Yorkshire, 1962. A Female worker is presented with a bunch of flowers

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Assembling trackwork in an ICI factory, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963. Artist

Assembling trackwork in an ICI factory, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963. Artist
Assembling trackwork in an ICI factory, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Installation of trackwork in an ICI Plant, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963. Artist

Installation of trackwork in an ICI Plant, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963. Artist
Installation of trackwork in an ICI Plant, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, 1963

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Awards ceremony dinner for ICI employees, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, 1962. Artist

Awards ceremony dinner for ICI employees, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, 1962. Artist
Awards ceremony dinner for ICI employees, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, 1962. At an awards ceremony for safe driving by ICI employees, guests are photographed before the dinner and presentations

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: A petrochemical plant towering over residential housing, Baglan Bay, Wales, 1975

A petrochemical plant towering over residential housing, Baglan Bay, Wales, 1975. By the late 1960s British Petroleums (BP) plant at Baglan Bay, near Swansea

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: The St Rollox chemical works, Glasgow, c1880

The St Rollox chemical works, Glasgow, c1880. The factory produced bleaching powder. A print from Great Industries of Great Britain, Volume I, published by Cassell Petter and Galpin, (London, Paris)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: A laboratory worker holds a separating funnel of oil, Dunkirk refinery, France, 1950s

A laboratory worker holds a separating funnel of oil, Dunkirk refinery, France, 1950s

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Sectional view of lead chambers for large-scale production of sulphuric acid, 1870

Sectional view of lead chambers for large-scale production of sulphuric acid, 1870. Also known as Oil of Vitriol or H2S04, sulphuric acid was one of the most important of industrial chemicals

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Sectional view of Gay-Lussacs lead chambers and absorption towers, 1870

Sectional view of Gay-Lussacs lead chambers and absorption towers, 1870. These were for the large-scale production of sulphuric acid also (Oil of Vitriol or H2SO4)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Lead chambers for large-scale production of sulphuric acid, 1874

Lead chambers for large-scale production of sulphuric acid, 1874. Sectional view showing the process from beginning to end from the furnace (left) to the denitrating (or Glover) tower (right)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Platinum still for concentrating sulphuric acid (Oil of Vitriol or H2S04), 1844

Platinum still for concentrating sulphuric acid (Oil of Vitriol or H2S04), 1844. The view shown here was at the Felling Chemical Works, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. From British Manufacturers by George Dodd

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Production of sulphuric acid (Oil of Vitriol or H2S04), 1844

Production of sulphuric acid (Oil of Vitriol or H2S04), 1844. View of the passage between two lead chambers, Felling Chemical Works, Newcastle, England. From The Penny Magazine. (London 1844)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Distillation of Oil of Vitriol (sulphuric acid or H2S04), 1651

Distillation of Oil of Vitriol (sulphuric acid or H2S04), 1651. An iron retort with cover, detail at C, D, is placed in a furnace and connected to a receiver at A

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Producing salt by evaporating natural brine by pouring it into a pit of burning charcoal, 1556

Producing salt by evaporating natural brine by pouring it into a pit of burning charcoal, 1556. A rather impure product resulted. From De re metallica by Agricola (Georg Bauer). (Basel, 1556)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Crystallization of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683

Crystallization of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683. Saltpetre is the principal ingredient in gunpowder, and is still used in the preservation of some foods

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Checking the quality of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683

Checking the quality of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683. Saltpetre is the principal ingredient in gunpowder, and is still used in the preservation of some foods

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Laboratory for refining gold and silver, showing typical laboratory equipment, 1683

Laboratory for refining gold and silver, showing typical laboratory equipment, 1683. 1) Athanor or Slow Harry, a self-feeding furnace maintaining a constant temperature

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Production of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683

Production of saltpetre (nitre, potassium nitrate, or KN03), 1683. Nitre beds, heaps of manure mixed with chalky earth. These were watered with urine and manure water

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Distillation of Nitric Acid, 1683

Distillation of Nitric Acid, 1683. Also known as Aqua Fortis or Parting Acid, nitric acid was widely used in the refining and assaying of metals

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Athanor or Slow Harry, a self-feeding furnace maintaining a constant temperature, 1683

Athanor or Slow Harry, a self-feeding furnace maintaining a constant temperature, 1683. Centre: 1) Athanor or Slow Harry ; 2) side chambers containing reagents; 3) glass receivers

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Christian Friedrich Schonbein, German chemist, c1898

Christian Friedrich Schonbein, German chemist, c1898. Schonbein (1799-1869) began his investigation of ozone in 1839. He worked on nitrocellulose and produced gunoctton for use in firearms in 1846

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, British industrialist, c1926

Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, British industrialist, c1926
Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, British industrialist and politician, c1926. The son of Ludwig Mond, Lord Melchett (1868-1930) became the first Chairman of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Rock Salt: Miners at work in salt mine, Wieliczka, Galicia, Poland, 20th century

Rock Salt: Miners at work in salt mine, Wieliczka, Galicia, Poland, 20th century. Cigarette card c1920

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: The Cathedral, Marston Salt Mine, Northwich, Cheshire, England, 19th century

The Cathedral, Marston Salt Mine, Northwich, Cheshire, England, 19th century
The Cathedral, Marston Salt Mine, Northwich, Cheshire, England, showing the pillars of salt that have been left to support the ceiling of the cavern which has been left after the excavation of rock

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Producing salt by evaporating sea water in salt pans, 1556

Producing salt by evaporating sea water in salt pans, 1556
Producing salt by evaporating sea water in salt pans. From De re metallica by Georgius Agricola (Georg Bauer). (Basel 1556)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Evaporating pots of brine in a natural hot spring to obtain salt, 1556

Evaporating pots of brine in a natural hot spring to obtain salt, 1556
Evaporating pots of brine in a natural hot spring to obtain salt. From De re metallica by Georgius Agricola (Georg Bauer). (Basel, 1556)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Salt Works, Amsterdam, 1660

Salt Works, Amsterdam, 1660. Right: quality of product is being shown to potential customer: Left: women are refining brine in a boiler

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Evaporating sea water in iron pots to obtain salt, 1556

Evaporating sea water in iron pots to obtain salt, 1556
Evaporating sea water in iron pots to obtain salt. From De re metallica by Georgius Agricola (Georg Bauer). (Basel, 1556)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Joseph Crosfield & Sons soap factory at Bank Quarry, Warrington, Cheshire, 1886

Joseph Crosfield & Sons soap factory at Bank Quarry, Warrington, Cheshire, 1886. 1: general view of works; 2: display at Liverpool Exhibition; 3: frame room; 4: stamping; 5: packaging room; 6

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Gas lighting, 1814

Gas lighting, 1814. Fig. 1: Samuel Cleggs (1781-1861) gas apparatus (1808). Fig. 7: B Cooks gas apparatus. Figs 8&9: Furnace for producing tar as a gas by-product. From Encyclopaedia Londinensis

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and inventor

Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and inventor. In 1866 Swedish chemist and industrialist Nobel (1833-1896) invented a safe and manageable form of nitroglycerine he called dynamite

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Wallace Hume Carothers, American industrial chemist, c1927-1937

Wallace Hume Carothers, American industrial chemist, c1927-1937. Carothers (1896-1937), seen here in the laboratory, discovered nylon while working for the Dupont Company in 1927

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: General view of an Alum works in the Whitby area, Yorkshire, 1814. Artist: Havell & Son

General view of an Alum works in the Whitby area, Yorkshire, 1814. Artist: Havell & Son
General view of an Alum works in the Whitby area, Yorkshire, 1814. Steeping crumbled ore in water in pits to dissolve out salts which will be processed to produce alum

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Soap manufacturing, c1905

Soap manufacturing, c1905. The Vinolia Soap Companys London laboratory where raw materials and essential oils were tested

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Webbs chemical factory, Diglis, Worcestershire, c1860

Webbs chemical factory, Diglis, Worcestershire, c1860. The tall building to the right behind the chimney contains lead chambers for the production of Sulphuric Acid

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Distillation of nitric acid (Aqua fortis or parting acid) in an iron man with two noses, 1689

Distillation of nitric acid (Aqua fortis or parting acid) in an iron man with two noses, 1689. From Philio-Chemico-Medicus by Christopher Packe (1689)

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Nitroglycerin processing plant, explosives factory, Val Bormida, near Cengio, Italy, 1888

Nitroglycerin processing plant, explosives factory, Val Bormida, near Cengio, Italy, 1888
Nitroglycerin processing plant, explosives factory, Val Bormida, near Cengio, north-west Italy, 1888. Nitroglycerin was mixed with Kieselghur (a diatomaceous earth) to produce Dynamite

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Women packing dynamite cartridges, 1888

Women packing dynamite cartridges, 1888. Explosives factory at Val Bormida, near Cengio, north-west Italy. Nitroglycerin was mixed with Kieselghur (a diatomaceous earth) to produce Dynamite

Background imageChemical Industry Collection: Interior of Marston Salt Mine, Northwich, Cheshire, England, c1880

Interior of Marston Salt Mine, Northwich, Cheshire, England, c1880. This shows how pillars of rock have been left to support the roof



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