'Group in the Hut in the Summer: Joyce at the Sewing Machine', 1908, (1909). Artist: Unknown
'Group in the Hut in the Summer: Joyce at the Sewing Machine', 1908, (1909). Royal Naval seaman Ernest Joyce was in charge of dogs and sledges during the expedition. Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) made three expeditions to the Antarctic. During the second expedition, 1907-1909, he and three companions established a new record, Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles, or 180 km) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Members of his team also climbed Mount Erebus, the most active volcano in the Antarctic. Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII for these achievements. He died during his third and last 'oceanographic and sub-antarctic' expedition, aged 47. Illustration from The Heart of the Antarctic, Vol. I, by E. H. Shackleton, C.V.O. [William Heinemann, London, 1909]
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Machine Room in a Steam Sewing Factory, 1854. Artist: Anon
Machine Room in a Steam Sewing Factory, 1854. This view is of Holloway, Crowe & Holloway's clothing factory, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England. Twenty sewing machines were installed, powered by steam through belt and shafting under the workbench. The female operatives controlled the machines by means of individual foot levers. Holloways, one of the principal employers in Stroud, introduced division of labour in their factory and one pair of trousers passed through 16 pairs of hands, each operative carrying out a specific task. From The Illustrated London News. (London, 16 December 1854).
© Ann Ronan Picture Library / Heritage-Images