Luther as Junker Jörg in the Jena Inn with Swiss students, 1522, (1936). Creator: Unknown
Luther as Junker Jorg in the Jena Inn with Swiss students, 1522, (1936). 'Luther Als Junker Jorg Im "Baren" Zu Jena Mit Schweizer Studenten, 1522'. German priest and scholar Martin Luther (1483-1546) was a major inspiration behind the Reformation. He was excommunicated by Pope Leo IX in 1521 and declared an outlaw at the Diet of Worms. Emperor Charles V placed him under an imperial ban and his life was in danger, so he disguised himself as an aristocratic named Junker Jorg. Under the protection of the Elector of Saxony, Luther produced a German translation of the Bible, and he went on to found the Lutheran Protestant Church. From "Bilder Deutscher Geschichte", (Pictures of German History), No.12, cigarette card album. [Cigaretten-Bilderdienst, Altona-Bahrenfeld, Hamburg, Germany, 1936]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
A secret meeting of the Jews at the Rabbi's House, 14th century (1849). Artist: Unknown
A secret meeting of the Jews at the rabbi's house, 14th century (1849). A 19th century version of an original 14th century miniature from Pelerinage de la Vie Humaine, held at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris. From Le Moyen Age et la Renaissance, by Paul Lacroix, Ferdinand Sere and A Rivaud, Volume I (Paris, 1849).
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images
Esther in the presence of Ahasuerus, 1866. Artist: Gustave Dore
Esther in the presence of Ahasuerus, 1866. Esther (Haddash or Hadassah) coming into the presence of King Ahasuerus fainting in fear as she expects to die if it is discovered that she is a Jew. The Persian King Ahasuerus, looking for a new Queen asks all the beautiful virgins in his kingdom to be brought to him. He selects Esther who has kept secret that she is a Jew as her people are reviled by the Persians. Ahasuerus makes her his Queen and by revealing the plot of Haman, the king's chief adviser, she gains favour for her people. Ahasuerus is thought to be Xerxes I who ruled Persia from: -485 to: -465. An episode in the Old Testament book of Esther. From The Bible by Gustave Dore. (London, 1866).
© Ann Ronan Picture Library / Heritage-Images