'The Sailor's Return', 1952. Creator: Shirley Markham
'The Sailor's Return', 1952. Illustration for "The Sailor's Return" by David Garnett - Neptune in a seashell chariot pulled by sea horses. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time.
© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images
Californian abalone shell plaque, Native American, Kwakiutl, north-west America, c1900
Californian abalone shell plaque, Native American, Kwakiutl, north-west America, c1900. Californian abalone shell was a major trade item as the local variety was thin and pallid. It was often used for inlay work. Plaques such as this were known as 'Twenty-Dollar size' from their value in 1900. The incised hole suggests that it was worn as an ornament or used to decorate ceremonial gear. From the Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
© Werner Forman Archive/ Museum of Anthropology, University of / Heritage-Images
Admiral Francois Darlan, Commander of the French Navy, 1940. Artist: Pierre Falke
Admiral Francois Darlan, Commander of the French Navy, 1940. Jean Louis Xavier Francois Darlan (1881-1942) commanded the French naval forces early in World War II. After France surrendered to Germany, Darlan served as vice premier in the pro-German Vichy regime. In November 1942 he was captured, and ordered a cease-fire after negotiations with Allied forces. He was appointed high commissioner of French North Africa, but his leadership was repudiated by Charles de Gaulle's partisans. Darlan was assassinated in late December.
© Art Media / Heritage-Images