'Transept of the Martyrdom, Canterbury Cathedral', 1890. Creator: Unknown
'Transept of the Martyrdom, Canterbury Cathedral', 1890. In the north west transept of Canterbury Cathedral and area known as the Martyrdom, provided one of the main stopping points for any medieval pilgrim visiting the shrine of St Thomas. On 29 December 1170, four knights of Henry II, slayed Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury. From "Cassell's Illustrated Universal History, Vol. III - The Middle Ages", by Edmund Ollier. [Cassell and Company, Limited, London, Paris and Melbourne, 1890. ]
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'Martyrdom of St. Thomas of Canterbury', c1484. Artist: William Caxton
'Martyrdom of St. Thomas of Canterbury', c1484. Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162, Becket clashed almost incessantly with King Henry II over the question of the independence of the Church from the authority of the state. He was murdered by four knights in Canterbury Cathedral on 29 December 1170. Originally published in Jacobus de Varagine's The Golden Legend. From The Connoisseur Volume XCI, edited by F. Gordon Roe. [The Connoisseur Ltd, London, 1933]. (Colorised black and white print).
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Penance of Henry before the shrine of Thomas a Becket. Artist: Unknown
King Henry II (1133-1189) doing penance before the shrine of Thomas a Becket. Henry ruled as King of England from 1154 to 1189. He was the first Plantagenet (or Angevin) King. St Thomas Becket (c1118-1170) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church. He engaged in a conflict with King Henry II over the rights and privileges of the Church and was assassinated by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. He is also commonly known as Thomas a Becket, although this form may not have been contemporary. From an ancient painting on glass, engraved in Carter's Specimens of Ancient Sculpture and Painting.
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images