Petrus Plancius, Dutch astronomer, cartographer and clergyman, c1870. Artist: JH Rennefeld
Petrus Plancius, Dutch astronomer, cartographer and clergyman, c1870. Plancius (1552-1622) was one of the founders of the Dutch East India Company, for whom he produced over a hundred maps. In 1592 he produced a world map titled Nova et exacta Terrarum Tabula geographica et hydrographica. He also produced a celestial globe including new constellations in the Southern Hemisphere, using observations provided by early Dutch expeditions to Indonesia. A print from Nederlands Geschiedenis en Volksleven in Schetsen, by J Van Lenner and J Ter Gouw. (Leiden, A W Sijthoff, c1870).
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Title page of Isagoge in Typum Cosmographicum seu Mappam Mundi by Peter Apian, 1523. Artist: Unknown
Title page of Isagoge in Typum Cosmographicum seu Mappam Mundi by Peter Apian, 1523. The page is illustrated with a map, centred on the Mediterranean, showing only three continents, Europe, Africa and Asia, surrounded by the four elements; fire, air, water and earth. Apian (1495-1552), German geographer, mathematician and astronomer, established his reputation by issuing a world map in 1520, and the 1524 publication of his work of geography Cosmographia. In 1527 he published Rechnung, an arithmetical textbook, which included the first printed account of Pascal's triangle. Apian's most important work in astronomy was his Astronomicum Caesareum of 1540, which contained detailed descriptions of five comets.
© Ann Ronan Picture Library / Heritage-Images