Book of the Dead of Hori, c. 1069-945 BC. Creator: Unknown
Book of the Dead of Hori, c. 1069-945 BC. The Egyptian Book of the Dead--or as they called it, the Book of Going Forth By Day--was not a single, unified, and authoritative manuscript, but a handful of special spells selected from a pool of about 200 age-old magical formulae. This illustrated Book of the Dead inscribed for the priest Hori includes the so-called Book of Gates. There are sixteen gates through which Hori must pass, each guarded by a fierce, animal-headed, knife-brandishing monster. Among them are "The Mistress of Wrath," "The Fiery One," and the "Long-Horned Bull." To reach the afterlife, Hori must present the gate-keepers with a series of secret passwords provided for him in the papyrus. At the far right, we see Hori, who having completed his task, is now reborn.
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Detail from the second papyrus of princess Nany
Detail from the second papyrus of princess Nany. The text taken from the Amduat ("What is in the Underworld"), depicts mummiform deities. Each is named Nany, merging her with the gods to ensure her eternal existence. ROGERS FUND, 1930 (30.3.32) Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: New Kingdom, 21st Dynasty, 1040-992 BC. Material Size: Ink and pigments on papyrus. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York . Location: 137.
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A page from The Book Of The Dead, 1926. Artist: Unknown
A page from The Book Of The Dead, 1926. The Book of the Dead was a description of the ancient Egyptian conception of the afterlife and a collection of hymns, spells, and instructions to allow the deceased to pass through obstacles in the afterlife. It was most commonly written on a papyrus scroll and placed in the coffin or burial chamber of the deceased. From An Outline of Christianity, The Story of Our Civilisation, volume 4: Christianity and Modern Thought, edited by RG Parsons and AS Peake, published by the Waverley Book Club (London, 1926).
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