'The Changes in the Russian Command, September, 1915'. First World War, (c1920). Creator
'The Changes in the Russian Command, September, 1915'. First World War, c1920). '...the Grand Duke Nicholas, appointed Viceroy of the Caucasus and Commander-in-Chief of the Caucasian Army, pointing out positions to the Tsar, the new supreme Commander of the Russian Army and Navy'. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856-1929) was commander of the Russian armed forces until his cousin, Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918), removed him and took personal command after the Great Retreat (a strategic withdrawal from the Galicia-Poland salient). From "The Great World War - A History" Volume IV, edited by Frank A Mumby. [The Gresham Publishing Company Ltd, London, c1920]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
'The Orangery, Kensington Palace', c1950. Creator: Shirley Markham
'The Orangery, Kensington Palace', c1950. The baroque Orangery, next to Kensington Palace in London, was built in 1704-1705, probably by Nicholas Hawksmoor. It had under-floor heating and was used as a conservatory for delicate plants. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time.
© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images
'Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State', mid-late 17th century. Artist: Unknown
'Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State', mid-late 17th century. Sir Edward Nicholas (1593-1669) was an English office holder and politician who served as Secretary of State to Charles I and Charles II.
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images
17th Century, A Hertochs, A Hertocks, Abraham, Abraham Hertochs, Abraham Hertocks, B W, B W, Black And White, Black White, Century, Country, Edward, Edward Nicholas, England, English, Engraving, Guy, Hertochs, Hertocks, Location, Male, Man, Men, Monochrome, Nicholas, People, Politician, Politics, Portrait, Secretary Of State, Seventeenth Century, Sir Edward Nicholas, Statesman, The Print Collector, Unknown