Coffin of Senbi, c. 1918-1859 BC. Creator: Unknown
Coffin of Senbi, c. 1918-1859 BC. The most common type of coffin during the Middle Kingdom took the shape of a rectangular box with lid. The mummy inside was placed on his left side, facing east, his head behind the two magical eyes. These—in the shape of human eyes, to which have been added the markings of a falcon's head—were supposed to enable him to behold the rising sun, reborn daily. The long horizontal inscriptions are prayers to Anubis (god of embalming) and Osiris (god of the dead) for offerings of food and drink and other items necessary for survival in the afterlife. The short vertical inscriptions place him under the protection of the gods of earth, sky, air, and moisture, as well as various funerary deities.
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Ancient Egyptian tomb model, 22nd-19th century BC. Artist: Unknown
Ancient Egyptian tomb model, 22nd-19th century BC. The Ancient Egyptians believed that the deceased would have the same need for food and the other requirements of daily life in the afterlife as when they were alive. To ensure these needs would be met they placed detailed models of people performing the necessary tasks in tombs. They believed that the model people possessed spirits that would pass over into the afterlife and provide for the deceased. This example dates from the 11th or 12th Dynasty. Located in the Louvre, Paris.
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'An Ancient Obelisk at Matarea, Formerly Heliopolis', Egypt, 1801. Artist: Thomas Milton
'An Ancient Obelisk at Matarea, Formerly Heliopolis', Egypt, 1801. The oldest standing Ancient Egyptian obelisk in existence, the example at Heliopolis was erected by the 12th Dynasty Pharaoh Senusret I, who ruled from 1971 to 1926 BC. It was one of a pair erected to commemorate the Heb Sed (30th Jubilee) of Senusret. A plate from Views in Egypt. From the collection of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
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