'Italy in Rome', 1870. Artist: Joseph Swain
'Italy in Rome', 1870. King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy takes the sword of Temporal Power from Pope Pius IX who hangs on to his keys. Earlier in the century, Italy had achieved unification after driving the Austrians from its soil. The duchies had joined the kingdom and Garibaldi had overthrown the Neapolitan monarchy. Venice and part of Venetia were gained in 1866. Now, however, Italian forces entered and occupied Rome. Eventually, the Pope surrendered to the inevitable, although he never fully came to terms with Rome's status as Italy's capital. From Punch, or the London Charivari, October 1, 1870.
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