'Reading Room of the Great Library at the British Museum seen from the Entrance', c1935
'Reading Room of the Great Library at the British Museum seen from the Entrance', c1935. The circular Reading Room of the British Museum in central London was designed by Sydney Smirke (1798-1877). Construction began in 1854 and was completed in 1857. The Reading Room used to be the main reading room of the British Library. Famous users include Karl Marx, Lenin, Ghandi, Oscar Wilde, Rudyard Kipling and Virginia Woolf. From "Wonderful London, Volume 3", edited by Arthur St John Adcock. [The Fleetway House, London, c1935]
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Relief carving depicting the ruler 'Itzamna' sitting on a throne holding a vision serpent
Relief carving depicting the ruler 'Itzamna' sitting on a throne holding a vision serpent. Itzamna was known as the god of creation and the god of the sky and the earth. It was believed that he brought maize and cacao and taught script, healing and the use of calendars. This particular carving is a tablet, a smaller version of a much larger work. Country of Origin: Mexico. Culture: Maya. Date/Period: very Early Classic 1st C to 250 AD. Material Size: limestone, h = 11cms, w = 7.5cms. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ David Bernstein, New York . Location: 12.
© Werner Forman Archive / Heritage-Images
'John Locke', 1775. Artist: Smart, W
'John Locke', 1775. Locke (1632-1704) is regarded as the father of British empiricism. He was the author of Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690) in which he argued that knowledge is derived from sensation and introspection, rather than from innate ideas. His political philosophy, set out in Two Treatises of Government were to exert considerable influence on the American and French revolutions, setting out the liberal ideas of the natural rights of man and that the authority of government should be limited and subject to its obligation to serve the public good. A plate from The Copper-Plate Magazine or A Monthly Treasure, London, 1775.
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