'The destruction of Achan and his children in the valley of Achor', 19th century. Creator
'The destruction of Achan and his children in the valley of Achor', 19th century. Biblical scene, from Joshua 7: 24: 'And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor. "Why have you brought this trouble upon us?" said Joshua. "Today the LORD will bring trouble upon you!" And all Israel stoned him to death. Then they stoned the others and burned their bodies.' Achan had stolen gold and silver from Jericho, and so he, as well as his sheep, other livestock and his children were all killed by stoning. Engraving.
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
'The Scapegoat', 1856, (c1950). Creator: William Holman Hunt
'The Scapegoat', 1856, (c1950). Scene inspired by the Bible: a goat on the salty shore of the Dead Sea at Osdoom with the mountains of Edom in the distance. The 'scapegoat' embodies the sins of the congregation - Hunt saw the Old Testament scapegoat as a parallel to the New Testament Christ whose suffering and death similarly expunged the sins of humans. Painting in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, Liverpool. From The Outline of Art, edited by Sir William Orpen. [George Newnes Limited, London, c1950]
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Viking bronze brooch from Birka, Uppland, Sweden. Artist: Werner Forman
Viking bronze brooch from Birka, Uppland, Sweden. A brooch with two he-goats on either side of a 'Thunderstone' representing Thor. The two male goats, Tandgnjost and Tandgrisner, drew Thor's chariot and were associated with masculine virility and creative energy. From the Statens Historiska Museum, Stockholm.
© Werner Forman Archive/ Statens Historiska Museum, Stockholm / Heritage-Images