'Group After Winter in Igloo', 1912, (1913). Artist: G Murray Levick
'Group After Winter in Igloo', 1912, (1913). Northern Party after winter in snow cave: Priestley, Levick, Dickason, Browning and Abbott, looking dirty and dishevelled. Petty Officer George Abbot, Able seaman Harry Dickason, Petty officer Frank Browning, geologist Raymond Priestley, Lieutenant Victor Campbell and surgeon George Murray Levick were forced to overwinter in a cramped ice cave when pack ice prevented the Terra Nova from picking them up. The final expedition of British Antarctic explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) left London on 1 June 1910 bound for the South Pole. The Terra Nova Expedition, officially the British Antarctic Expedition (1910-1913), included a geologist, a zoologist, a surgeon, a photographer, an engineer, a ski expert, a meteorologist and a physicist among others. Scott wished to continue the scientific work that he had begun when leading the Discovery Expedition to the Antarctic in 1901-04. He also wanted to be the first to reach the geographic South Pole. Scott, accompanied by Dr Edward Wilson, Captain Lawrence Oates, Lieutenant Henry Bowers and Petty Officer Edgar Evans, reached the Pole on 17 January 1912, only to find that the Norwegian expedition under Amundsen had beaten them to their objective by a month. Delayed by blizzards, and running out of supplies, Scott and the remainder of his team died at the end of March. Their bodies and diaries were found eight months later. From Scott's Last Expedition, Volume II. [Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1913]
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'Une Petroleuse', Paris Commune, 1871. Artist: Anon
'Une Petroleuse', Paris Commune, 1871. Cartoon from a series titled Types de la Commune. Petroleuses were women extremists who used petroleum to set fire to buildings during the Paris Commune. The Commune was established when the citizens of Paris, many of them armed National Guards, rebelled against the policies of the conservative government formed after the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The left-wing regime of the Commune held sway in Paris for two months until government troops retook the city in bloody fighting in May 1871. The events of the Commune were an inspiration to Karl Marx as well as later communist leaders including Lenin, Trotsky and Mao. From a private collection.
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