'The Cossacks' Reply to the Sultan (Zaporozhtsy)', c1890, (1939). Creator: Il'ya Repin
'The Cossacks' Reply to the Sultan (Zaporozhtsy)', c1890, (1939). 'Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey', also known as 'Cossacks of Saporog Are Drafting a Manifesto', 19th-century imagining of a supposed historical event of 1676, based on the legend of Cossacks sending an apparently rude and insulting reply to an ultimatum from Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire. 'On the right is Taras Bulba (in a white cap), the hero of Gogol's tale of the same name; on the left is Andrei, Taras Bulba's son; almost in the centre sits Ataman (Chief) Serko with a pipe in his mouth'. Ilya Repin (1844-1930) took nearly 20 years to paint the picture, for which Tsar Alexander III paid him 35, 000 rubles, at the time the greatest sum ever paid for a Russian painting. In the collection of The State Russian Museum, St Petersburg, Russia. From "The Russian State Museum". [State Art Publishers, Moscow and Leningrad, 1939]
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images
Siege of Ladysmith, South Africa, Boer War, 1899-1900. Artist: Unknown
Siege of Ladysmith, South Africa, Boer War, 1899-1900. Defending British troops in trenches fixing bayonets in preparation to repel a Boer attack. The siege of Ladysmith by the Boers lasted from 1 November, 1899 until 28 February, 1900. Some 20, 000 soldiers and civilians were besieged in the town, a railway junction surrounded by hills. Shortages of food and fresh water, particularly after the Boers cut off the water supply to the town, caused around 60% of the casualties suffered by the defenders during the siege. Ladysmith was finally relieved after 118 days by a force commanded by General Redvers Buller, after two previous attempts had resulted in defeats at Colenso and Spion Kop.
© Ann Ronan Picture Library / Heritage-Images