'View of the Arctic Sea from the Mouth of the Copper Mine River, Midnight, July 1821', (1946)
'View of the Arctic Sea from the Mouth of the Copper Mine River, Midnight, July 1821', (1946). Tents with British flags on the coast of northern Canada, depicted by a member of John Franklin's Coppermine Expedition of 1819-1822. The long hours of daylight during the Arctic summer made it possible to draw in the middle of the night. Illustration from "Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea" by John Franklin. Published in "British Polar Explorers", by Admiral Sir Edward Evans. [Collins, London, 1946]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
Houalouays', a confectioner or pastry cook, pub. 1808-12. Creator: Franz Balthazar Solvyns
Houalouays', a confectioner or pastry cook, from 'Les Hindous ou la Description de leurs Moeurs Coutumes et Ceremonies', pub. 1808-12 (coloured etching). A Collection of Two Hundred and Fifty Coloured Etchings: Descriptive of the Manners, Customs and Dresses of the Hindoos; Volume I is devoted to religious castes and cermonies; Volume II to occupations and musical instruments; Volume III to sailing craft; and Volume IV to indigenous flora and fauna.
© Historica Graphica Collection / Heritage-Images
The "Forty-Four" restaurant menu, c1955. Creator: Shirley Markham
The "Forty-Four" restaurant menu, c1955. Menu for a restaurant in Harcourt Street, Dublin, Ireland, illustrated with chefs. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time.
© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images