The Virgin Adored by Saints, ca. 1609. Creator: Scarsellino
The Virgin Adored by Saints, ca. 1609.
Clare and Catherine of Siena, Dominic (with a dog holding a candle in his mouth), Nicholas of Tolentino (a sunburst on his habit), Peter Martyr (with a knife in his head), Francis (preaching on the shore to birds), and Raymond of Penaforte (sailing across the sea with a banner as a sail).
© Heritage Art/Heritage Images
'Marston in his Bed', c1908, (1909). Artist: Unknown
'Marston in his Bed', c1908, (1909). George Marston (1882-1940) the expedition artist, reading with a candle balanced on the side of his head. Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) made three expeditions to the Antarctic. During the second expedition, 1907-1909, he and three companions established a new record, Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles, or 180 km) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Members of his team also climbed Mount Erebus, the most active volcano in the Antarctic. Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII for these achievements. He died during his third and last 'oceanographic and sub-antarctic' expedition, aged 47. Illustration from The Heart of the Antarctic, Vol. I, by E. H. Shackleton, C.V.O. [William Heinemann, London, 1909]
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images
The 'clock of doors'. Artist: Unknown
The 'clock of doors'. From the miniature Automata of al Jaziri or the Book of Knowledge of Mechanical Devices. It shows a candle at the centre and 14 doors around. When an hour had passed from lighting the wick a ball fell from the falcon's beak the door opened and a figure emerged. A Mamluk copy of a manuscript first written between 1181 and 1206.
© Werner Forman Archive/ Spink and Son Ltd / Heritage-Images