'They have made them a molten calf and have worshipped it', 19th century Creator: H Robinson
'They have made them a molten calf and have worshipped it', 19th century. Biblical scene, from Exodus 32: 8: 'They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.' The Israelites, fearing Moses would not return from Mount Sinai, made a 'graven image' from melted-down gold jewellery, in contravention of God's instructions. Engraving after 'The Adoration of the Golden Calf', an early 17th century painting by Nicolas Poussin.
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
'The Adoration of the Golden Calf', late 1620s. Artist: Frans Francken II
'The Adoration of the Golden Calf', late 1620s. According to the Old Testament, the Golden Calf was an idol made by Aaron for the Israelites while Moses was away on Mount Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments from God. When Moses returned and witnessed their idolatry he became angry, smashed the tablets of stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed, and destroyed the idol. Found in the collection of the State A Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow.
© Fine Art Images
Page from the Book of the Dead of Hunefer, from Thebes, Egypt, 19th Dynasty, c1300 BC. Artist: Unknown
Page from the Book of the Dead of Hunefer, from Thebes, Egypt, 19th Dynasty, c1300 BC. The mummy of Hunefer is shown supported by the god or a priest (wearing a jackal mask). Hunefer's wife and daughter mourn, and three priests perform rituals. The two priests with white sashes are carrying out the Opening of the Mouth ritual. The white building at the right is a representation of the tomb, complete with portal doorway and small pyramid. From the British Museum's collection.
© CM Dixon / Heritage-Images