'Pythagoras', (c570-c495 BC), 1830. Creator: Unknown
'Pythagoras', (c570-c495 BC), 1830. Pythagoras (c570-c495 BC) ancient Ionian Greek philosopher whose political and religious teachings influenced the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and through them, Western philosophy. From "Biographical Illustrations", by Alfred Howard. [Thomas Tegg, R. Griffin and Co., J. Cumming, London, Glasgow and Dublin, 1830]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
Geocentric or Earth-centred system of the universe, 1528. Artist: Unknown
Geocentric or Earth-centred system of the universe, 1528. At the centre is the world showing Aristotle's (384-323 BC) four elements, Earth, Air, Fire and Water, surrounded by the spheres of the Sun, Moon, planets, and the sphere of the fixed stars. This model, proposed by Aristotle and Ptolemy, continued to be generally accepted as representing the nature of the Universe until the heliocentric (sun-centred) model of the solar system put forward by Copernicus and supported by Galileo and Kepler, began to gain acceptance in the 17th century. From La Theorique des Ciels by Oronto Finaeus. (Paris, 1528).
© Oxford Science Archive / Heritage-Images
Allegory of Justice, from Aristotle's Ethics, 14th century. Artist: Unknown
Allegory of Justice, from Aristotle's Ethics, 14th century. Allegorical illustration of Dame Justice ruling all aspects from legal justice down to personal justice and obedience. One of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western thought, Aristotle (384-322 BC) established the foundations for the modern scientific method of enquiry. Engraving after a 14th century manuscript of Book V of Aristotle's Ethics.
© Ann Ronan Picture Library / Heritage-Images