Henry III at the battle of Lewes, 14th May 1264.Artist: Felix Henri Emmanuel Philippoteaux
King Henry III (1207-1272) at the battle of Lewes, 14th May 1264. The Battle of Lewes was one of two main battles of the conflict known as the Second Barons' War. Henry III ruled England for fifty-six years from 1216 to his death. Medieval English monarchs did not use numbers after their names, and his contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester. He was the first child king in England since the Norman Conquest. Despite his long reign, his personal accomplishments were slim and he was a political and military failure. England, however, prospered during his century and his greatest monument is Westminster, which he made the seat of his government, and where he expanded the abbey as a shrine to Edward the Confessor. From Cassell's Illustrated History of England.
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