US President, Calvin Coolidge's arrival in Havana for Pan American Conference, 15 Jan 1928. Artist: Unknown
US President, Calvin Coolidge's arrival in Havana for Pan American Conference, 15 Jan 1928. The influence of the United States was felt throughout Latin America in the 1920s, with American investments deeply tying the economies of many South and Central American countries to the United States. America also controlled the Panama Canal, and was heavily involved in shaping internal Cuban affairs. The purpose of President Coolidge's visit to Havana on the battleship USS Texas in January 1928 was to ease the feelings of bitterness that existed between America and the Latin-American nations. President Coolidge opened the Pan-American Conference on 16 January 1928 with a keynote speech that urged the nations of the Western Hemisphere to embrace peace and value the principles of freedom and democracy. He also emphasised the equality that existed between the independent republics of the Americas. These remarks supported the Coolidge Administration?s efforts to ensure peace and harmony among the nations with the Kellogg-Briand Pact, in which the signatories promised to avoid war as a means of resolving their disputes.
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'The Conquerors', Culebra Cut, Panama Canal, Panama, 1926. Artist: Unknown
'The Conquerors', Culebra Cut, Panama Canal, Panama, 1926. The Gaillard (or Culebra) Cut, is a man-made valley cutting through the continental divide in Panama. The cut forms part of the Panama Canal, linking Lake Gatun, and thereby the Atlantic Ocean, to the Gulf of Panama and the Pacific Ocean. It is 12.6 km (7.8 miles) long from the Pedro Miguel lock on the Pacific side to the Chagres River arm of Lake Gatun, with a water level 26 m (85 ft) above sea level. Construction of the cut was one of the greatest engineering feats to have been undertaken in its time; the immense effort required to complete it was justified by the great significance of the canal to shipping, and in particular the strategic interests of the United States. From An Outline of Christianity, The Story of Our Civilisation, volume 5: Christianity Today and Tomorrow, edited by RG Parsons and AS Peake, published by the Waverley Book Club (London, 1926).
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