'Richard II', c1390, (1909). Artist: Unknown
'Richard II', c1390, (1909). The reign of Richard II (1367-1400) began in 1377 and was characterised by intermittent periods of tension between the king and the barons. In 1399 he was captured at Flint Castle in Wales before being taken to the Tower of London where he was forced to abdicate by Henry Bolingbroke, who declared himself King Henry IV. Richard was then imprisoned in Pontefract Castle where he either starved to death or was murdered early in 1400. After a painting in the collection of the Westminster Abbey, London. Illustration from Historical Portraits. [The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909]
© The Print Collector / Heritage-Images
Charlemagne, King of the Franks, (1780). Artist: Pierre Duflos
Charlemagne, King of the Franks, (1780). King of the Franks from 768, Charlemagne (c742-814) was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 AD by Leo III. Charlemagne's kingdom included almost all of western and central Europe. From Receuil des Estampes, representant les Rangs et les Dignities suivant le Costume de toutes les Nations existantes by Pierre Duflos, 1780.
© Historica Graphica Collection / Heritage-Images
Queen Anne, c1702 (1906). Artist: Unknown
Queen Anne, c1702 (1906). From the original painting by John Closterman, in the National Portrait Gallery, London. Anne (1665-1714) was the daughter of James II, deposed by William of Orange in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. The last Stuart monarch, she came to the throne after the death of William in 1702, and became the first monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Act of Union in 1707. Her reign saw a decline of the power of the crown in favour of that of ministers as well as the development of a two party system of politics. Her inability to produce an heir precipitated a succession crisis, with parliament passing legislation to hand the crown to the House of Hanover in order to prevent the Catholic Old Pretender, James Francis Edward Stuart, from claiming the throne. A print from Queen Anne, by Herbert Paul, Goupil and Co, London, 1906. (Colorised black and white print).
© The Print Collector