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Liberty L-8 (Packard) V-8 Engine, 1917. Creator: Packard Motor Car Company Featured Image

Liberty L-8 (Packard) V-8 Engine, 1917. Creator: Packard Motor Car Company

The Liberty's purpose was American mass production of standard units when the U.S. entered World War I. Co-designed in a week in mid-1917 by Jesse Vincent of Packard Motor Car and Elbert Hall of Hall-Scott Motor Car, with a planned series of 4-, 6-, 8-, and 12-cylinder models, this Model L-8 was the first Liberty engine. However, power requirements made it obsolete before entering service, and the twelve-cylinder Liberty was then built. To ensure workable engines in the shortest time, only proven components were used. The Liberty's success was due entirely to the fact that the best engineers, production experts, and manufacturing facilities were provided to the Government. Leading automotive manufacturers, including Ford, Lincoln, Packard, Marmon, and Buick, built the engines. The Liberty 12 Model A powered numerous aircraft including the de Havilland DH-4, the Navy-Curtiss NC-4, Fokker T2, Loening Model 23, Douglas World Cruiser, Douglas M-1 Mailplane, and Curtiss H-16 flying boat

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Sterling (Sunbeam) Cossack, V-12 Engine, 1917. Creator: Sterling Engine Company Featured Image

Sterling (Sunbeam) Cossack, V-12 Engine, 1917. Creator: Sterling Engine Company

The Sunbeam Motor Car Co. Ltd of Wolverhampton, England began producing successful automobiles in 1910. Applying the expertise of French Chief Engineer Louis Coatalen, its first aircraft engines were designed in 1913. A total of 350 Cossack engines were produced between August 1914 and December 1918. These engines powered the: Handley Page H.P.11 O/100 Type O; Short 310-A4 and Short 310-B North Sea Scout; R36 (Beardmore) Admiralty dirigible airship and R38 (Royal Airship Works) Admiralty dirigible airship. Sunbeam's engines were the favored supplier to the Royal Navy Air Service until late in World War I. After Coatalen's return to France in 1923, Sunbeam effectively left the aircraft engine business. This Cossack engine was built by the Sterling Engine Company of Buffalo, New York, a leading American manufacturer of marine engines, which undertook to build Sunbeam aircraft engines during 1917. However, only a few of the twelve-cylinder units were constructed before the work was finally abandoned

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Curtiss Robin J-1 Deluxe, 1928-1930. Creator: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company Featured Image

Curtiss Robin J-1 Deluxe, 1928-1930. Creator: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company

108E. Three-seat light cabin monoplane. The Key brothers set an endurance record of 653 hours and 34 minutes, June 4-July 1, 1935 in the Robin. Wright J-6-5 engine. High-wing, tailwheel design. In 1935, this Curtiss Robin established a world record for sustained flight, using air-to-air refueling. After two unsucessful attempts the year before, Fred and Algene Key took Ole Miss up from Meridian, Mississippi on June 4 and did not touch the ground again until July 1, for a total time in the air of 653 hours and 34 minutes, or 27 days. During the flight, the Keys received fuel and supplies 432 times from another aircraft. They braved severe thunderstorms and an electrical fire in the cabin before returning to a safe landing in Meridian. The Curtiss Robin series was produced in the late 1920s and early 1930s as a 3-plane general aviation aircraft. Ole Miss varies from a typical Curtiss Robin by virtue of modifications made for the flight, including a new fuel tank, engine servicing catwalk, and a sliding top hatch for receiving supplies in flight

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