Coronation of the Virgin, 1420s. Creator: Fra Angelico (Italian, 1400-1455)
Coronation of the Virgin, 1420s. This picture's original use is uncertain. Its size and shape are appropriate for a predella (the pedestal portion of an altarpiece), which often consists of several small panels. However, the Coronation of the Virgin almost never appears on predellas. The panel's minute detail and rich finish suggest it may have been an object for private devotion. This is believed to be an early work by Fra Angelico, whose real name was Guido di Pietro, a Dominican monk in Florence. Here, an angel holds the Virgin's train while she kneels to receive the crown offered by Christ. The scene glimmers with gold; the thrones are draped with starry tapestries, the walls are hung with gold cloth, and Christ himself radiates light.
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The Martyrdom of St Laurence, 1882. Artist: Unknown
The Martyrdom of St Laurence, 1882. St Laurence was Deacon of the Christian church in Rome. Under the persecution of Valerian in 258 he was condemned to death by being broiled. After the fresco in the Chapel of Nicholas V, dedicated to St Stephen and St Laurence, the Vatican, Rome. A print from The Magazine of Art Vol V, Cassell, Peter, Galpin and Company, Limited, 1882.
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'Virgin and Child with St Anthony of Padua and St Thomas Aquinas', early 15th century. Artist: Fra Angelico
'Virgin and Child with St Anthony of Padua and St Thomas Aquinas', early 15th century. St Thomas Aquinas (1226-1274), called Doctor Angelicus, Italian scholastic philosopher, Christian theologian and member of the Dominican orde, holds an open book, perhaps his Summa Theologia. St Anthony of Padua (c1193-1231), Franciscan preacher, called 'The Hammer of Heretics', holds an open book and a madonna lily. The Dominicans followed Aquinas's teaching, while the Franciscans followed that of his rival Duns Scotus (c1265-1308), called Doctor Subtilis. Originally in the monastery of San Domenico da Fiesole, now in the collection of the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia.
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