Illustrated page from the manuscript of Sabaoth
Illustrated page from the manuscript of Sabaoth. The "twofold fiery man" is depicted wearing a crown and holding a halberg with an image of the sun. In his belly burns a fiery furnace. The sunflowers were also considered symbols of the Sun god and of gold. Country of Origin: Czech Republic. Date/Period: 17th - 18th C. Place of Origin: Waldstein Residence at Duchcov. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Mnichovo Hradiste chateau library, Czech Republic.
© Werner Forman Archive / Heritage-Images
Twelfth Key of Basil Valentine, 1651. Artist: Unknown
Twelfth Key of Basil Valentine, 1651, illustrating that the Philosophers' Stone must be combined with gold to produce new gold, just as a lion eats a serpent to change it into its own substance. From Von dem gross Stein Uhralten by Basil Valentine. (Strasbourg, 1651). (Colorised black and white print).
© The Print Collector
Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim Paracelsus, Swiss alchemist and physician, 16th century. Artist: Wenceslaus Hollar
Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim Paracelsus, Swiss alchemist, physician and pioneer of medical chemistry, 16th century. Whilst City Physician in Basle, Switzerland, Paracelsus propounded the theory that alchemy should be used to prepare effective medicines, as well as transmitting base metal into gold. However, after offending the city fathers there, a legal case forced him to leave and he eventually died in Salzburg, Austria.
© Oxford Science Archive / Heritage-Images